Women start younger,have more partners,who are not necessarily men.
UK national sex survey shows how women have caught up with men in the sexual revolution
Women have caught up with men in the sexual revolution and have even overtaken them in the case of same sex relationships. They remain the ones who pay the biggest price in terms of sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancies, the national sex survey has found.
4 times as many women now report same sex experiences with other women compared to 20 years ago. They are also starting to have sex earlier in the lives and are having more sexual partners over their lifetime than a generation ago, according to the National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, published in The Lancet.
- 1 in 10 women say that they have been forced to have sex against their will, compared to
- 1 in 71 men, and
- Women who have had just 1 or 2 sexual partners are up to 2 times more likely than men with less than 2 partners to be infected with chlamydia.
“We can see that the pace of change has been different for men and for women in the last decades. The gap previously seen between them has been closing,” said Professor Kaye Wellings of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, one of the survey’s lead authors.
“For some aspects of sexual behaviour, for example numbers of partners, it has narrowed, for others, such as age at first sex, it has closed and yet in other respects, such as same-sex experience, women have overtaken men,” Professor Wellings said.
Whilst same sex experiences have remained relatively constant among men, it has increased markedly among women. Although a minority of women have reported sex with another woman, that proportion increased from 4 per cent in 1990 to 16 per cent in 2010 and 2012,” she said.
The four-fold increase in sexual activity between women, which does not necessarily include genital contact, is one of the most dramatic shifts in behaviour identified by the survey, which was carried out between 2010 and 2012 and involved detailed interviews with more than 15,000 adults aged between 16 and 74 about their sexual behaviour and attitudes….more
Male dominated boards appoint less women
The lack of female representation in universities is again highlighted by only a third of governors are women. 32 % of governors in UK higher education and only 12% of council chairs are female, according to an audit of governing bodies by WomenCount, a non-profit organisation benchmarking women’s leadership across the charitable, academic and public spheres.
Only 31 of 166 institutions assessed (19%) achieve a “gender-balanced” board of at least 40 per cent female governors, says the report, titled WomenCount: Leaders in Higher Education, published, 4 December 2013.
Of the other specialist institutions, the least balanced was Middlesex University: When the audit was carried out, only two of 15 governors (13%) were women. It now has three female governors and a female chancellor, Dame Janet Ritterman, who were appointed last summer.
The University of the Highlands and Islands and Heriot-Watt University both have only 16%.
The University of the Highlands and Islands said it will be reconstituting its governing body, with 6 women amongst the 19 members appointed to its university court, with effect early next year.
Heriot-Watt said 3 of 4 of its recently appointed governors were women and that diversity was “at the forefront of our minds when recruiting to governing body positions”.
The analysis follows continuing concerns over the gender balance within UK universities, with only 17% of vice-chancellors and 21% of professors are female. The male-dominated university boards that are responsible for picking institutional leaders, might explain why so few women become vice-chancellors, said Norma Jarboe, founder and director of WomenCount.
“When less than 20 per cent of the board are women, it hardly ever appoints them to senior positions,” she said. “In those situations, it’s very difficult for women to influence the board because they are such a minority.”
According to the report, gender-balanced university boards are three times more likely to appoint female vice-chancellors than those with few women.
At the 30 higher education institutions with the most gender-balanced boards, nine are headed by women, compared with three among the 30 universities with the most male-dominated governance. “Some female vice-chancellors have said that the single most important thing to address the lack of diversity in university executives would be to appoint more women as governors,” Ms Jarboe added. ….more
Most gender-balanced boards, July 2013
|Institution||No of women||%|
|Source: WomenCount: Leaders in Higher Education|
|Leeds Metropolitan University||10||53|
|Regent’s University London||9||53|
|University of Essex||12||52|
|Sheffield Hallam University||7||50|
|Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance||10||50|
Least gender-balanced boards, July 2013
|Institution||No of women||%|
|Source: WomenCount: Leaders in Higher Education|
|SRUC (Scottish Agricultural College)||1||6|
|Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts||2||14|
|University of the Highlands and Islands||4||16|
Professor Estelle Freedman: changing conceptions of sexual violence in American history
In April 1933, America watched Ruby Bates walk through the door of an Alabama courtroom. Two years earlier, near the town of Scottsboro, Bates and another white woman had charged nine black youths with rape. Juries had readily believed the women despite contradictory evidence, swiftly convicting the ‘Scottsboro Nine’ and sentencing all but one to death.Many Americans believed racism, rather than rape, had condemned the defendants, and they mobilized to reverse the convictions. Under pressure, Ruby Bates admitted she had lied.
The Scottsboro affair is a touchstone in American history. The tangled trials and the years of imprisonment endured by the defendants serve as sobering reminders of the costs of racial prejudice and the long struggle toward racial justice. Stanford history professor Estelle Freedman writes about the incident in her latest book, Redefining Rape. She believes that Scottsboro can be viewed as a “watershed” in the changing definition of rape…..more
Women in Malta get to enjoy the longest healthy life in Europe, at an average 70.7 years, an EU study has found.
The average number of healthy life years for females in the EU in 2011 was estimated to be 62.2 years — a slight difference compared with men. There was a difference of 18.4 years between the EU States with the lowest (Slovakia, 52.3 years) and highest (Malta, 70.7 years) values for female healthy life years in 2011, slightly higher than in 2007, when the gap was 19.8 years.
The indicator of healthy life years (HLY), which may also be called disability-free life expectancy, is a composite indicator that combines mortality data with health status data. It indicates the number of remaining years that an average person of a particular age is expected to live without any severe or moderate health problems. The prevalence of health problems is estimated by means of a question on long-term limitations on usual activities in the annual EU-SILC survey.
For males there was a difference of 19.0 years in 2011 between the average number of healthy life years lived in Member States with the lowest and highest values in the EU.
These ranged from 52.1 years (Slovakia) to 71.1 years (Sweden) with an EU average of 61.8 years. Males in Malta were held to enjoy a healthy life just slightly less than Sweden’s. …more
Death from the most serious type of skin cancer, malignant melanoma is 70 per cent higher in men than women, though similar numbers are diagnosed with the disease each year.
Each year in the UK, 3.4 men per 100,000 compared with 2.0 women die from malignant melanoma. The incidence rates are similar with 17.2 men per 100,000 diagnosed compared with 17.3 women.
The 6,200 men who develop melanoma each year, about 1,300 die from the disease, compared to 900 of the 6,600 women who develop this then die. This gap is predicted to widen, with death rates from malignant melanoma increasing in men but remaining stable for women according to research figures from Cancer Research UK. …more
From July 2013, UNESCO will make hundreds of digital publications available free with an open license, making UNESCO the first member of the United Nations (UN) to adopt an Open Access policy for its publications. Janis Karklins, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, announced the new policy in May.
This Open Access policy will apply to all new UNESCO publications and they are working on applying this policy retroactively, i.e., to already published work. Open Access strengthens its commitment to universal access to information and knowledge. The new publishing policy is in line with UNESCO’s Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy and its main components as well as its work on Open Educational Resources and Free and Open Source Software.
Health care costs continue rising while life expectancy for women is getting less! “Women today are not living as long as our mothers!”, said Hilary Clinton in a recent speech. It does not sound right, does it!
But recent studies confirm this and also that men’s life expectancy is getting longer.
How did women lose this contest too!
It appear that women don’t take ownership of their our own health and justify this as – being too busy, putting family first or many iother reasons. Women are letting others control their health and obviously these others are not doing as good a job!
Check your own country for life expectancy….more
Progress is extremely slow!
The first Gender Equality Index for the European Union. shows what we all knew, namely the differences in outcomes between women and men at the individual level in EU Member States.
While having ‘A unique measurement tool supporting evidence based policymaking. There should be concern in agreeing that this in itself indicates where political priorities should be shifted to accelerate the process of achieving a gender equal Europe.
Although gender equality values have been recognised for many years, the European Union average score of just over 50% progress towards a gender equal society with an average EU score of 54 for gender equality shows the real extent of the current political malaise that is really attached to meeting the equality needs of half of our population.
Do gender sensitive statistics do anything but underline the fact that women are still so unequal?
Do such measurements actually assist in moving the political process forward?
An examination of such measures on their own do not make any improvement to policy.
If such tools worked, by showing how unequal women are in today’s European society then surely the way forward for legislators would clearly be to remove these barriers. Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Council said, “for women is a matter of fairness, but it is also good for society and good for the economy.” The only comment that can be said when given such simple straightforward clarity is what then is stopping this from happening. The Gender Equality Index while providing scores for each Member State and EU averages might be an interesting scientific tool but it also provides while it remains required a service that should no longer be required in today’s society for more than half the population.
The facts are, by such tools, clear and simple to see. Today’s European society is built on the systemic exploitation of one half of society over the other. It was not a situation created by Europe, but it is one that requires a much better European based and focussed political initiatives with the appropriate committment that will highlight the need (and benefit) to remove all such differences by setting dates for member states to meet specific performance targets.
Today’s European economy and society cannot afford not to get this one right!