Category: Engender (page 1 of 17)

U.S. women catching up on drink!

U.S. women catch up on alcohol consumption.

American women are catching up on men’s drinking levels in using and abusing alcohol, a U.S. government report shows.

Data from 2002 to 2012 found that reported alcohol consumption in the previous 30 days rose among women, from almost 45 percent to more than 48 percent, but fell amongst men, from slightly more than 57 percent to just over 56 percent.

“We found that over that period of time, differences in measures such as current drinking, number of drinking days per month, reaching criteria for an alcohol use disorder, and driving under the influence of alcohol in the past year, all narrowed for females and males,”

said Aaron White, senior scientific advisor to the director of the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), commenting

“Males still consume more alcohol, but the differences between men and women are diminishing,”


Celebrating World COPD Day 2015


 PRESS RELEASE  – For Immediate Release

Celebrating World COPD Day,  the European Institute of Women’s Health  highlights

it’s not too late to improve respiratory health in Europe

Since 2002,  World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Day raises awareness and works to improve care of COPD through events and campaigns in over 50 countries on the 18th of November.

Supporting this year’s theme,  “It’s Not Too Late,” the European Institute of Women’s Health (EIWH) is drawing attention to the steps all people in  Europe can take to improve COPD prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

What is it?

COPD is a term used for various chronic lung diseases that cause difficulty breathing and airflow obstruction, including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease.

Who it effects?

COPD affects about 64 million people globally accounting for about 5% or 3 million deaths worldwide, and is the 5th highest cause of death in the world.  Nearly 90% of these deaths occur in low and middle income countries.  Almost half of people living with COPD don’t know they have it.

Between 4% and 10% of adults suffer from COPD in Europe.  In the last 20 years,COPD death increased by sixty-percent accounting for about 270,000 deaths in Europe in 2005 and  expected to reach 338,000 deaths by 2030.

COPD is not only debilitating for patients and their families, it is costly to all EU health care systems accounting for €4.7 billion in outpatient expenses and €2.9 billion in pharmaceutical expenditure each year.

COPD increasingly affects women and their families across the European Union (EU).  Historically, COPD has affected men more than women.  However it now affects EU men and women equally, because of the increasing rates of smoking amongst women.

Diagnosing COPD correctly in women can be challenging as the symptoms can often overlap with allergies or asthma,  and symptoms of COPD are also sometimes ignored.

Women with COPD are more likely than men to have shortness of breath and diminished airway sensitivity.

Women are also more likely to suffer from the emotional impact of COPD than men, with elevated rates of coexisting conditions like anxiety and/or depression.

Yet  women are generally diagnosed with COPD at later stages than men.

The primary cause of COPD, tobacco smoking, is highly preventable.  Alarmingly, women, particularly young girls, are increasingly smoking and vaping throughout the EU.  Recent studies suggest women are more vulnerable to developing COPD from smoking than are men.  Female smokers also have a higher rates of severe COPD and develop it later in life than male smokers.

As a result, women see greater benefit than do men from smoking cessation.

Concerted efforts must be made to reverse the alarming trend of smoking among women and young girls in EU to prevent COPD and other chronic diseases. Research must be funded to better understand the differences of COPD prevention, diagnosis and treatment between women and men.

We all must work together to develop comprehensive strategies for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of COPD including gender sensitive guidelines for health professionals.

For more information, please contact:
The European Institute of Women’s Health, +353 86 822 5576,

Or please visit:


NICE issues first guideline on menopause

First menopause guidelines

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) will launch its first clinical guideline on diagnosing and managing menopause on Tuesday 10 November 2015.

Menopause affects every woman sometime in her life and large numbers of them experience symptoms that impact significantly on their daily lives including hot flushes, night sweats, brittle bones and cardiovascular disease. The new guideline sets out how menopause should be diagnosed depending on a woman’s age, what information women should be given and the range of effective treatments that should be offered or considered based on her individual situation.

The guideline will help clarity the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), providing evidence-based information to inform the discussion between women and their health professionals about treatment options. It will give effective support and help for women under 40 experiencing premature menopause and those with a menopause triggered by treatment for hormone-dependent cancer or other gynaecological conditions.

Power of young girls in the EU and around the World


European Institute of Women’s Health highlights power of  Adolescent Girls in the EU and across the World

11 October 2015 —This year marks the 4th annual International Day of the Girl Child, a day established by the United Nations to highlight the rights and challenges facing girls throughout the world. The fifth annual European Week of Action for Girls (EWAG) is also being held from 11th to 17th of October under the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) to promote the empowerment and protect rights of girls through EU policies, funding and programmes.

The European Institute of Women’s Health (EIWH) joins the United Nations and the EU to mark these important events and calls on its members, friends, colleagues and the international community as a whole to join us to raise awareness and support this year’s theme, “The Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision for 2030.” The EIWH calls for investment in girls—in their health, education and security—to reduce inequities and promote empowerment in order to have a stable and prosperous society, both in the EU and throughout the world.

This year’s theme focuses achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, particularly those that help girls. The EIWH supports the goals like achieving gender equality by 2030. As the Institute celebrates its twenty-year anniversary in 2016, we will strive to continue our cross-border mulit-sectoral work to reduce the inequities facing women and their families.

Only by working together across borders utilising a comprehensive approach, can we as a society truly address the social, economic and political barriers that many young girls face throughout the world”

said Peggy Maguire, Director General of the EIWH.

For more information, please contact:

Peggy Maguire, Director General of the European Institute of Women’s Health,

+353 86 822 5576


Or please visit the following:

Equal number by gender of parliamentary candidates.

Equal number of male and female parliamentary candidates.

NICOLA Sturgeon is underlining  support for a legislated candidate quotas of 50 per cent women for all political parties by 2020. The Scottish First Minister is speaking at a conference next month organised by the Women 50:50 campaign that was recently awarded funding by the Joseph Rowntree Trust to host the event in Edinburgh. A key aspiration of Women 50:50 is introducing quotas to ensure political parties produce an equal number of male and female parliamentary candidates.

Ms Sturgeon said:

“I am a proud supporter of this campaign and… determined that the Scottish Parliament, local governments and political parties better represent the communities they serve.

It is unacceptable that 52 per cent of the population is not represented nearly enough.”


uk: No evidence of “safe” level of alcohol for pregnant women.

Pregnant women should not touch a drop of alcohol, because there is no evidence of a “safe” threshold, doctors have said.   Experts in paediatrics and pregnancy writing in the BMJ, said women planning a family were being given too much “conflicting advice” which could put their child at risk.  Mary Mather, a retired paediatrician, and Kate Wiles, a doctoral research fellow in obstetric medicine at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, said the “only ethical advice that can be given is complete abstinence from alcohol in pregnancy”.

Babies can suffer from foetal alcohol syndrome, mental retardation, development and behavioural abnormalities, and low birth weight, if they are exposed to alcohol in the womb.  Women drinking, the authors said, were facing a “contradictory, confusing barrage of mixed messages” about how to approach pregnancy.. ….more

ie: HRB Internship Programme 2015

HRB Internship Programme 2015

The HRB is building capacity in health research and encouraging and supporting our early stage researchers in the development of their careers.

The HRB runs an Internship Programme, offering researchers at the early stage of their careers opportunities for first-hand experience of working in a state agency  with experienced professionals and a range of stakeholders.

The HRB Internship Programme is targeted at those with a degree in a health-related area who have recently secured or will soon secure a higher degree (MSc, PhD) and interested in pursuing an academic research career in health analytics, research coordination or research management, health policy and management, public administration or in the private sector. ….  For more detail click here


Research Training Fellowships for Healthcare Professionals 2016

Research Training Fellowships – Healthcare Professionals


All grant applications are made through the HRB Grants E-Management System (GEMS).

See Call Guidance Notes below for details.

Host Institutions approve and submit each application on behalf of applicants. Please make this a time consideration when preparing your grant application.


The Health Research Board (HRB) Strategic Business Plan 2016-2020 will set out our mission with two complementary aspects: to improve people’s health and to improve healthcare delivery. In line with its strategic objectives, the HRB now invites applications for its 2016 Research Training Fellowships for Healthcare Professionals.

The objective of this PhD fellowship programme is to provide three years’ full-time funding to health and social care professionals, who are individuals of outstanding potential, early in their research careers, who can maximise the opportunity of being supported through a customised research training programme in an environment reflecting their individual talents and training needs.

For practicising clinicians, the  fellowship may be held on a part-time basis for a maximum of six years.  It is anticipated that successful applicants will become independent research leaders within six to 10 years of completing a HRB Research Training Fellowship for Healthcare Professionals.

Who should apply?

Health and social care professionals in Ireland who wish to undertake training in patient-oriented, health service and population health research in a recognised research institution leading to a PhD by research. Health and social care professionals are defined as medical practitioners, dentists, nurses, midwives, pharmacists and all professional groups recognised under the Health and Social Care Professionals Act 2005.

What does the award include?

Three years’ full-time or up to six years’ part-time funding towards salary and related costs, student fees, running costs, dissemination and knowledge exchange costs, training costs and a travel grant to gain research experience abroad.

Deadline for applications

Applications must be submitted on the new HRB GEMS system. The deadline for the submission of applications is on Thursday 5 November at 13.00.

Please refer to

Guidance Note and the HRB website for further details on the GEMS system.

Further information is available in the Guidance Notes


Frequently Asked Questions.

Any questions contact: Siobhan Hendrick,


Tel: +353 (0) 1-2345217

Can participatory democracy rescue the EU project

Participatory democracy to the rescue of the EU project

The European Citizens’ Initiative, the European Parliament as co-legislator in the majority of EU policies, an enhanced role for national parliaments: the Lisbon Treaty has brought about many positive changes to bridge the gap between the EU and its citizens. However, the existing Treaties provide untapped opportunities which could be grasped to improve policies and strengthen the EU both internally and externally. Whether exploring deeper policy action or improving implementation, there is a wealth of policy areas and technical instruments which could be tapped. This should be the current priority for the European Union and its institutional set-up, says the Euro pean Economic and Social Committee.

As a representative of European organised civil society, the EESC was asked by the European Parliament to examine how the functioning of the EU could be improved by building on the potential of the Lisbon Treaty and to reflect on possible developments and adjustments to the EU’s current institutional set-up. In its opinion adopted at the EESC plenary session on 16 September, the Committee stressed that democracy and accountability are fundamental to European citizenship and that this dimension of the Lisbon Treaty must be fully and systematically implemented. Moreover, in future it will be necessary (i) to extend the competences of the European Parliament, for instance through an increased role in European economic governance and the European Semester, and (ii) to put in place a more balanced share of responsibilities and inter-institutional cooperation between the institutions with a view to consolidate the community method.

The economic crisis, as well as current migration challenges and their impact on freedom of movement within the EU, have revealed internal divisions within the Union and Europeans’ increasing mistrust. “It is high time to improve the principles of horizontal subsidiarity and proportionality and to break the glass ceiling between the general public and the EU institutions. We must ensure civil society involvement in democratic processes and European policy making. We must work together for the future of this Union,” said Luca Jahier, President of the EESC’s Various Interests Group and rapporteur for the opinion.

Economic, social and territorial cohesion

The first step towards capitalising on the existing provisions of the Lisbon Treaty would be to achieve economic, social and territorial cohesion (Article 3, TEU) and to make better use of the five horizontal clauses of the TFEU (Articles 8 to 12). In future, these clauses should be used to promote greater inter-connectivity between European policies and more accountability …. more

For more information, please contact:

Caroline Alibert-Deprez
EESC Press Unit
Tel: +32 2 546 9406 / Mob: +32 475 75 3202
Related documents and events:

 (en) LisbonTreaty

Plenary session 16-17 September 2015

Women managers work for free nearly 2 hours every day

Women managers effectively work for 2 hours every day for free.

Women in equivalent full-time jobs earn 22% less than men.  This is equal to 1h 40m a day or 57 days each year. These are findings from the annual survey of 72,000 UK managers published by the Chartered Management Institute (CMI).

For men and women of all ages in all professional roles the gender pay gap now stands at £8,524, with men earning on average f £39,136 and women only £30,612. In 2014, or a  pay gap of £9,069, or 23%.

The survey reveals the pay gap becomes wider as women grow older. Women aged 26-35 are paid 6% less than their male colleagues, rising to 20% for women aged 36-45. The gap increases to 35% for women aged 46-60, just like working  for 681 hours for free compared to male colleagues.

For women and men in their 60s the pay gap expands to 38% – so much for the success of equality initiatives and the lack of political drive to ensure a more equal society.

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