Latvia – Health Overview

Coordinated by the European Institute of Women’s Health

Map of Latvia
Map of Latvia

Latvia- A HEALTH OVERVIEW

Demographic and Socio-Economic Trends

POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

Total population (2007): 2,270,894

Female percentage of population (2007): 53.94%

Age distribution (2007):

Ages 0-14 14.0%
Ages 15-24 15.7%
Ages 25-49 35.6%
Ages 50-64 17.6%
Ages 65-79 13.7%
Age 80 and older 3.4%

Percentage of population over ages 0-14 (2004) :

  • female 13.67%
  • male 16.74%

Percentage of population over age 65 (2004):

  • Female: 20.45%
  • Male: 11.57%

BASIC HEALTH

Life expectancy from birth (2006):

  • 76.3 years female
  • 65.4 years male

Caesarean sections per 1000 live births (2006): 210.81

Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births(2005): 10

Percentage using contraception (1995): 46.6%

EMPLOYMENT

Employment rate ages 15-64 (2007):

  • Female: 64.4%
  • Male: 72.5%

Female employment rate:

  • 2007: no data
  • 1997: no data

Unemployment rate ages 15-64 (2007):

  • Female: 5.6%
  • Male: 6.4%

Average gross annual earnings of full-time employees in an enterprise with ten or more employees (2005):

  • Female: 3673.9
  • Male: 4700.3

LIFESTYLE

Percentage of population completed at least upper secondary education (2007): 85%

Marriage rate (2007): 6.80 per 1000 people

Divorce rate (2007): 3.3 per 1000 people

Health Issues

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Deaths from stroke ages 0-64 (2005):

  • – Female: 296
  • – Male: 505

CANCER

Cancer death rate per 100,000 (2005):

  • – Female: 136.8
  • – Male: 296.7

Cervical cancer rate per 100,000(2004):

  • – Incidence: 18.52
  • – Death: 7.42

Breast cancer rate per 100,000 (2004):

  • – Incidence: 81.14
  • – Death: 25.71

Women under 65 deaths from cancer (2005):

  • – Stomach: 64
  • – Colorectal: 83
  • – Lung: 52

Age-standardized incidence rates of colorectal cancer per 100,000 (2006):

  • Female: 28.7
  • Male: 47.0

Age-standardized incidence rates of lung cancer per 100,000 (2006):

  • Female: 10.2
  • Male: 82.5

Age-standardized mortality rates of lung cancer per 100,000 (2006):

  • Female: 9.10
  • Male: 85.41

LIFESTYLE DISORDERS

Percentage binge drinking at least once a week: no data

Total alcohol consumption litres per capita(2003): 7.61

Number of cigarettes per person per year (2000): no data

Percentage non-smokers (2003):

  • female: 77.4%
  • Male: 43.6%

Percentage daily smokers (2003):

  • Female: 17%
  • Male: 50.6%

Percentage overweight (1997):

  • Female: 33%
  • Male: 41%

Percentage obese (1997):

  • Female:17.4%
  • Male: 9.5%

Low Energy Expenditure: no data

MOBILITY DISORDERS

In progress

MENTAL HEALTH

In progress

SEXUAL HEALTH

In progress

CHRONIC DISABLING DISORDERS

In progress

HEALTHCARE

In progress

This resource has been compiled from a range of information to assist researchers by having a facility with all the necessary basic information in regard to health information in Europe and individual member countries.

This reseource has been assembled from information and data gathered from: Eurostat, WHO Europe Office and other sources.

– Research completed by Kristin Semancik

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