Romania – Country Overview for Health

Coordinated by the European Institute of Women’s Health

Map of Romania
Map of Romania

ROMANIA- A HEALTH OVERVIEW

Demographic and Socio-Economic Trends

POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

Total population (2007): 21,528,627

Female percentage of population (2007): 51.267%

Age distribution (2007):

Ages 0-14 15.4%
Ages 15-24 14.9%
Ages 25-49 37.0%
Ages 50-64 17.8%
Ages 65-79 12.2%
Age 80 and older 2.7%

Percentage of population over ages 0-14 (2004) :

  • Female: 15.37%
  • Male: 16.97%

Percentage of population over age 65 (2004):

  • Female: 16.68%
  • Male: 12.27%

BASIC HEALTH

Life expectancy from birth (2006):

  • 76.2 years female
  • 69.2 years male

Caesarean sections per 1000 live births (2005): 213.8

Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births (2005): 24

Percentage using contraception (2004): 70%

EMPLOYMENT

Employment rate ages 15-64 (2007):

  • Female: 52.8%
  • Male: 64.8%

Female employment rate:

  • 2007: 59.1%
  • 1997: 52.8%

Unemployment rate ages 15-64 (2007):

  • Female: 5.4%
  • Male: 7.2%

Average gross annual earnings of full-time employees in an enterprise with ten or more employees (2005):

  • Female: 2773.9
  • Male: 3430.1

LIFESTYLE

Percentage of population completed at least upper secondary education (2007): 75%

Marriage rate (2007): 8.78 per 1000 people

Divorce rate (2007): 1.7 per 1000 people

Health Issues

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Deaths from stroke ages 0-64 (2005):

  • – Female: 2997
  • – Male: 4817

CANCER

Cancer death rate per 100,000 (2003):

  • – Female: 131.7
  • – Male: 236.8

Cervical cancer rate per 100,000 (2004):

  • – Incidence: 29.9
  • – Death: 6.6

Breast cancer rate per 100,000 (2004):

  • – Incidence: 52.11
  • – Death: 23.27

Women under 65 deaths from cancer (2005):

  • – Stomach: 295
  • – Colorectal: 531
  • – Lung: 692

Age-standardized incidence rates of colorectal cancer per 100,000 (2006):

  • Female: 25.1
  • Male: 40.7

Age-standardized incidence rates of lung cancer per 100,000 (2006):

  • Female: 15.4
  • Male: 81

Age-standardized mortality rates of lung cancer per 100,000 (2006):

  • Female: 7.67
  • Male: 66.2

LIFESTYLE DISORDERS

Percentage binge drinking at least once a week: no data

Total alcohol consumption litres per capita (2003): 9.38

Number of cigarettes per person per year (1997): 1392.63

Percentage non-smokers (2003):

  • Female: 82.5%
  • Male: 55.8%

Percentage daily smokers (2003):

  • Female: 10.1%
  • Male: 32.3%

Percentage overweight: no data

Percentage obese: no data

Low Energy Expenditure: no data

MOBILITY DISORDERS

In progress

MENTAL HEALTH

In progress

SEXUAL HEALTH

In progress

CHRONIC DISABLING DISORDERS

In progress

HEALTHCARE

In progress

This resource has been compiled from a range of information to assist researchers by having a facility with all the necessary basic information in regard to health information in Europe and individual member countries.

This reseource has been assembled from information and data gathered from: Eurostat, WHO Europe Office and other sources.

– Research completed by Kristin Semancik

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